Click on the item to reveal definition & description

A

Aluminum

Aluminium is a silvery-white metal. It is the most widespread metal on Earth, making up more than 8% of the Earth’s core mass. It’s also the third most common chemical element on our planet after oxygen and silicon.

Spinach, potatoes, processed cheese, aluminum cookware, drinking water, preservatives

Antimony

This is a shiny grey metal and is hugely flame retardant. About 60% of antimony is consumed in flame retardants, and 20% is used in alloys for batteries, plain bearings, and solders.

Carpets, tobacco smoke, paints, glass, foods stored in enamel vessels and cans. Cereals, meat, and eggs.

Arsenic

Arsenic is a natural component of the earth’s crust and is widely distributed throughout the environment in the air, water and land.

Rice, drinking water, tobacco smoke, fish, shellfish, meat, poultry, dairy products, cereals, and pesticides

B

Barium

Barium is a soft, silvery alkaline earth metal.

X-ray contrast media, Brazil nuts, seaweed, and fish

Beryllium

Beryllium is usually occurring as a product of the spallation of larger atomic nuclei that have collided with cosmic rays. Within the cores of stars, beryllium is depleted as it is fused into heavier elements.

Drinking water. Breathing in vapors or dust. Fruits, vegetables, meats and shellfish.

Bismuth

Bismuth is a pentavalent post-transition metal and one of the pnictogens with chemical properties resembling its lighter homologs arsenic and antimony.It is a brittle metal with a silvery white color when freshly produced, but surface oxidation can give it a pink tinge.

Pharmaceuticals (including Pepto Bismol), x-ray contrast media, alloys, paints, and ceramic (as a pigment)

C

Cadmium

Cadmium is a chemical element in the earth’s crust.

Tobacco smoke, cereals, vegetables, nuts, starchy roots or potatoes, and meat and meat products. Pigments, coatings and plating, manufacture of plastic products.

Cesium

Cesium is a soft, silvery-golden alkali metal. It is a very ductile, pale metal, which darkens in the presence of trace amounts of oxygen.

Breathing air, drinking water, pastuerized milk, rice, wheat, fish, rocks, soil, dust.

Chromium

Chromium is a steely-grey, lustrous, hard and brittle transition metal. Chromium is the main additive in stainless steel, to which it adds anti-corrosive properties.

Paint, cement, detergents, bleaches, shampoos, drinking water, broccoli, egg yolks, and processed meats.

Cobalt

Cobalt is found in the Earth’s crust only in chemically combined form, save for small deposits found in alloys of natural meteoric iron. The free element, produced by reductive smelting, is a hard, lustrous, silver-gray metal.

Fish, nuts, tomatoes, leafy green vegetables, such as broccoli and spinach, and cereals, including oats.

Copper

Copper is a chemical element that is a soft, malleable, and ductile metal with very high thermal and electrical conductivity.

Oysters, nuts, seeds, shitake mushrooms, lobster, liver, leafy greens

G

Gold

Gold is a chemical element in its purest form that it is a bright, slightly reddish yellow, dense, soft, malleable, and ductile metal.

Drinking water, eggplant skins, beetroot, and plums.

I

Iron

Iron is a greyish chemical element. It is by mass the most common element on Earth, forming much of Earth’s outer and inner core. It is the fourth most common element in the Earth’s crust.

Red meat, oysters, lentils, beans, poultry, fish, leaf vegetables, watercress, tofu, chickpeas, black-eyed peas, and blackstrap molasses.

L

Lead

A chemical element that is a heavy metal that is denser than most common materials. Lead is soft and malleable, and also has a relatively low melting point. When freshly cut, lead is silvery with a hint of blue; it tarnishes to a dull gray color when exposed to air.

Drinking water, soil, dust, paint, candy, wrappers, and specialty candies.

Lithium

Lithium is a chemical element that is soft, white, and lustrous.

Ceramics, glass, batteries, pharmaceuticals, lubricating greases, drinking water, grains, vegetables, mustard, kelp, pistachios, dairy, fish, and meat.

M

Magnesium

Magnesium is a mineral found in the earth, sea, plants, animals and humans.

Greens, nuts, seeds, dry beans, whole grains and low-fat dairy products seawater

Manganese

Manganese is not found as a free element in nature; it is often found in minerals in combination with iron. Manganese is a transition metal with a multifaceted array of industrial alloy uses, particularly in stainless steels.

Nuts, beans, legumes, oatmeal, whole wheat bread, spinach, pineapple, drinking water, and pesticides.

Mercury

Mercury is a chemical element that is a heavy, silvery d-block element, mercury is the only metallic element that is liquid at standard conditions for temperature and pressure.

Fish and shellfish.

Molybdenum

Molybdenum does not occur naturally as a free metal on Earth; it is found only in various oxidation states in minerals. The free element, a silvery metal with a gray cast, has the sixth-highest melting point of any element.

Milk, cheese, cereal grains, legumes, nuts, leafy vegetables, and organ meats.

N

Nickel

Nickel is a silvery-white lustrous metal with a slight golden tinge. Nickel belongs to the transition metals and is hard and ductile.

Nuts, seeds, canned and processed foods, and oats. Nickel-contaminated air (in industrial zones, cigarette smoke, car exhaust).

Niobium

Niobium is a light grey, crystalline, and ductile transition metal. Pure niobium has a hardness similar to that of pure titanium, and it has similar ductility to iron.

Stainless steel, garlic, red beetroot, parsnip, and broccoli.

O

Osmium

Osmium is a hard, brittle, bluish-white transition metal in the platinum group that is found as a trace element in alloys, mostly in platinum ores.

Fountain pen tips, garlic, dill, sunburst squash (pattypan squash), and green zucchini.

P

Palladium

Palladium is a rare and lustrous silvery-white metal.

Eggs and vegetables, and coins.

Phosphorous

Phosphorus exists in several allotropic forms including white (or yellow), red, and black (or violet). Ordinary phosphorus is a waxy white solid. When pure, it is colourless and transparent.

Chicken, turkey, pork, seafood, dairy, sunflower seeds, and pumpkin seeds.

Platinum

Platinum is a dense, malleable, ductile, highly unreactive, precious, silverish-white transition metal. Its name is derived from the Spanish term platino, meaning “little silver”.

Potatoes.

Polonium

Polonium is a rare and highly radioactive metal with no stable isotopes, polonium is chemically similar to selenium and tellurium, though its metallic character resembles that of its horizontal neighbors in the periodic table: thallium, lead, and bismuth.

Tobacco smoke, drinking water, and seafood. In products that reduce or remove static.

R

Radium

Radium is a naturally occurring radioactive metal. Radium is a radionuclide formed by the decay of uranium and thorium in the environment.

Radiotherapy for cancer and nuclear medicine. Bananas and Brazil nuts.

Rhodium

Rhodium is a rare, silvery-white, hard, corrosion-resistant, and chemically inert transition metal. It is a noble metal and a member of the platinum group.

Glass and Potatoes.

Rubidium

Rubidium is a very soft, silvery-white metal in the alkali metal group.

Garden tomato, sweet orange, black walnut, and coconut.

Ruthenium

Ruthenium is a rare transition metal belonging to the platinum group of the periodic table. Like the other metals of the platinum group, ruthenium is inert to most other chemicals.

Italian sweet red pepper, broccoli, potato, and dill.

S

Scandium

Scandium is a silvery-white metallic d-block element, it has historically been classified as a rare-earth element, together with yttrium and the lanthanides.

Maple syrup and Brazil nuts.

Selenium

Selenium is a nonmetal (more rarely considered a metalloid) with properties that are intermediate between the elements above and below in the periodic table, sulfur and tellurium, and also has similarities to arsenic.

Brazil nuts, walnuts, tuna, cod, grains, beef, and poultry.

Silver

Silver is a soft, white, lustrous transition metal, it exhibits the highest electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, and reflectivity of any metal.

Utensils, coins, electronics, medicine, mirrors, glass, and pesticides. Whole grains, fish, drinking water, mushrooms, supplements and milk from humans, cows and goats.

Strontium

An alkaline earth metal, strontium is a soft silver-white yellowish metallic element that is highly chemically reactive. The metal forms a dark oxide layer when it is exposed to air.

Pottery glazes, soil, glass, and magnets. Spices, seafood, whole grains, root and leafy vegetables, and legumes.

T

Thallium

Thallium is a gray post-transition metal that is not found free in nature. When isolated, thallium resembles tin, but discolors when exposed to air.

Rodent and ant killer, watercress, radish, beet, spinach, turnip and green cabbage.

Tin

Tin is a silvery metal that characteristically has a faint yellow hue. Tin, like indium, is soft enough to be cut without much force.

Tin cans holding canned foods, water pipes, orange juice, apple juice, cherries, asparagus, herrings, and apricots and tomato juice.

Titanium

Titanium is a lustrous transition metal with a silver color, low density, and high strength. Titanium is resistant to corrosion in sea water, aqua regia, and chlorine.

Pigment in house paint, plastics, enamels and paper. Dairy products, candy, frosting, and the powder on donuts.

Tungsten

Tungsten is a greyish-white lustrous metal, which is a solid at room temperature. Tungsten has the highest melting point and lowest vapor pressure of all metals, and at temperatures over 1650°C has the highest tensile strength. It has excellent corrosion resistance and is attacked only slightly by most mineral acids.

Drinking water, dirt, and onions.

U

Uranium

Uranium is a common naturally occurring and radioactive substance. It is a normal part of rocks, soil, air, and water, and it occurs in nature in the form of minerals – but never as a metal. Uranium metal is silver-colored with a gray surface and is nearly as strong as steel.

Potatoes, sweet potatoes, parsnips, turnips, and drinking water.

V

Vanadium

Vanadium is a hard, silvery-grey, malleable transition metal. The elemental metal is rarely found in nature, but once isolated artificially, the formation of an oxide layer somewhat stabilizes the free metal against further oxidation.

Buckwheat, soya beans, olive oil, sunflower oil, apples, and eggs and soil.

Z

Zinc

Zinc is a slightly brittle metal at room temperature and has a blue-silvery appearance when oxidation is removed.

Oysters, legumes, cashews, beef, mushrooms, and lobsters.

Zirconium

Zirconium is taken from the name of the mineral zircon, the most important source of zirconium. It is a lustrous, grey-white, strong transition metal that closely resembles hafnium and, to a lesser extent, titanium.

Plum, parsley, carrot, endive, glazes, bricks, ceramics.