(255) Pet Food Ingredients Tested

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[/vc_column_text][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls" width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Agar Gum"]A dried hydrophilic, colloidal polygalactoside extracted from Gelidium Cartilagineum, Gracilaria Confervoides and related red algae. Used in pet food as a thickener, emulsifier, firming agent, and stabilizer; it functions to thicken fluids, increase viscosity and reduce ice crystal formation.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Alfalfa (Dehydrated)"]Dehydrated alfalfa is a meal product resulting from the rapid drying of alfalfa by artificial means.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Alfalfa Nutrient Concentrate"]The extracted, concentrated form of alfalfa nutrition.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Almond"]An edible nut, oval in shape with a woody shell.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Almond Oil"]Ripe almonds pressed to extract the oil with minimal heat.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Apple Cider Vinegar"]Made from fermented apple juice.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Ascorbic Acid"]Added into pet kibbles as a preservative to extend shelf life, or to try and add additional nutrition to the pet food. This is referring to the additive form of ascorbic acid, NOT the ascorbic acid that is naturally occurring in whole foods.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Alfalfa"]a leguminous plant with clover-like leaves and bluish flowers, native to southwestern Asia and widely grown for fodder. Typically used as an inexpensive filler in pet foods.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Alfalfa Meal Concentrate"]A fertilizer made from fermented alfalfa plants.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Alligator"]The meat from an alligator.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Alligator Meal"]Alligator remnants that are not edible for humans. It is made by cooking them, processing them under high heat, and dehydrating them into a dry powdery substance that goes into kibble.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Anchovy"]A small common forage fish.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Anchovy Meal"]The dried, ground tissue of the small, marine Anchovy fish.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Apple"]A sweet, edible fruit produced by an apple tree.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row el_class="itm_tested_heding_cls"][vc_column el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls"][vc_column_text css=".vc_custom_1554790555959{padding-top: 50px !important;padding-bottom: 28px !important;}"]


[/vc_column_text][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls" width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Bacon"]Pork that is salted and cured. Different than the raw pork meat due to the process it undergoes to become bacon.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Barley"]A major cultivated cereal grain.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Barley Grass"]The young green shoots of barley that form before the grain.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Beef"]The meat from cattle.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Beef Fat"]The fat of beef meat that comes from cattle.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Beef Hide"]The skin of beef.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Beef Kidney"]The kidney of cattle.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Beef Meal"]All beef tissues from the processing factory remnants that are not edible for humans. Made by cooking them, processing them under high heat, and dehydrating them into a dry powdery substance that goes into kibble.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Beet (Beetroot)"]The taproot portion of a beet plant.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Biotin"]Biotin is a water soluble B vitamin that is essential for protein and fatty acid metabolism. Water soluble, which means that the body will not store excess amounts which are eliminated during urination. This is added into pet foods as an added supplement in the synthetic form. This is NOT referring to the biotin that is naturally occurring in whole foods.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Bison Meal"]All bison tissues from the processing factory remnants that are not edible for humans. Made by cooking them, processing them under high heat, and dehydrating them into a dry powdery substance that goes into kibble.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Bone Meal"]A mixture of finely and coarsely ground animal bones and slaughter-house waste products.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Brewers Yeast"]Made from Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a one-celled fungus. Sometimes used as an added supplement in pet kibbles.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Broccoli"]A green plant in the cabbage family that is known for its edible flower head and stalk.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Brown Sugar"]A sucrose sugar product with a distinctive brown color due to the presence of molasses.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Banana"]A long, curved fruit with edible flesh and yellow skin.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Basil"]An aromatic herb. Typically used as a natural antioxidant in pet food.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Bee Pollen"]A mix of pollen from flower blossoms that is gathered by bees and mixes with enzymes that come from the bees.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Beef Broth"]A savory liquid made of water in which beef bones have been simmered.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Beef Heart"]The heart of cattle. Considered an organ and a muscle.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Beef Jerky"]Lean, trimmed meat that has been cut into strips and dried to prevent spoilage. Normally, this drying includes the addition of salt to prevent bacteria growth before the meat has finished the dehydrating process.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Beef Liver"]The liver of cattle.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Beef Tallow"]A rendered or cooked form of beef fat.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Bison (Buffalo)"]Meat from a bison or buffalo[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Black Beans"]Black beans are classified as legumes. Also known as turtle beans because of their hard, shell-like appearance, black beans are, in fact, the edible seeds of the plant. Contains protein and should only be fed to pets in moderation.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Blueberry"]The small, sweet blue-black edible berry of the blueberry plant.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Blue #1 Dye"]Also known as Brilliant Blue FCF. It is a synthetic organic compound used primarily as a blue colorant.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Blue #2 Dye"]Also called indigo blue or indigotine. It is a synthetic version of indigo, a dye naturally produced from plants.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Brewers Rice"]The small milled fragments of rice kernels that have been separated from the larger kernels of milled rice. A processed rice product that is missing many of the nutrients contained in whole ground rice and brown rice. Contrary to what many pet food companies want to make you believe, this is not a high quality ingredient, just much cheaper than whole grain rice.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Brown Rice"]Brown rice is whole-grain rice with the inedible outer hull removed.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Brussel Sprouts"]The Brussels sprout is a member of the Gemmifera Group of cabbages, grown for its edible buds. The leaf vegetables are typically 1.5–4.0 cm in diameter and look like miniature cabbages. Good for pets to eat in moderation. Can cause extreme flatulence.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row el_class="itm_tested_heding_cls"][vc_column el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls"][vc_column_text css=".vc_custom_1554830301373{padding-top: 50px !important;padding-bottom: 28px !important;}"]


[/vc_column_text][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls" width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Cabbage"]Cabbage is a leafy green, red, or white biennial plant grown as an annual vegetable crop for its dense-leaved heads. Aids in digestion for pets, but can cause flatulence.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Calcium Carbonate"]Added to pet food for 3 primary reasons. First, it is an inexpensive source of calcium, which is an essential mineral for dogs and cats. Second, it is used as a preservative. Thirdly, it is used as a color retention agent. Naturally occurring in pearls and the shells of marine organisms, snails, and eggs. The Calcium Carbonate we test for refers to the synthetically made ingredient added into pet foods.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Calcium Iodate"]An inorganic compound composed of calcium and iodate anion. Added to pet foods as a synthetic iodine supplement.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Calcium Sulfate"]A calcium salt used as a firming agent in pet food.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Canola Oil"]A monounsaturated fat that is derived from the rapeseed plant.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Carnitine"]Also called L-Carnitine. Has a role in energy production. It transports long-chain fatty acids into the mitochondria so they can be oxidized (“burned”) to produce energy. Commonly found in low-fat, light or so-called diet foods for both dogs and cats.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Carrageenan"]Also called carrageenins. A family of linear sulfated polysaccharides that are extracted from red edible seaweeds. They are widely used in pet food for their gelling, thickening, and stabilizing properties.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Catfish"]A freshwater or marine fish with barbels resembling whiskers around the mouth, typically bottom-dwelling.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Catnip"]A perennial herb that is a member of the mint family. The chemical compound in the plant that attracts and affects mainly cats is called nepetalactone. It is found in the leaves and stems.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Cheese (Cheddar)"]A relatively hard cheese that made from pasteurized cow's milk.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Cheese (Swiss)"]A shiny, pale, yellow cheese with a mild, nutty flavor. Some Swiss cheese is characterized by the notable holes throughout the cheese. Contains less lactose than other cheeses.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Chicken"]The meat of a chicken.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Chicken Broth"]Broth is a savory liquid made of water in which chicken bones have been simmered.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Chicken By Product"]Chicken by-product meal is used as a major component in some pet foods. It is made from grinding rendered parts of chicken carcasses and can contain bones, offal, undeveloped eggs, and sometimes feathers.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Chicken Meal"]All chicken tissues from the processing factory remnants that are not edible for humans. Made by cooking them, processing them under high heat, and dehydrating them into a dry powdery substance that goes into kibble.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Cilantro"]An annual herb in the family Apiaceae.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Citric Acid"]A synthetic preservative used in pet foods. Not referring to the naturally occurring citric acid found in citrus fruit.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Collard Greens"]Loose-leafed cultivars of Brassica oleracea, the same species as many common vegetables, including cabbage and broccoli. Has large, dark-colored, edible leaves.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Corn"]Also known as Maize. The leafy stalk of the plant produces pollen inflorescences and separate ovuliferous inflorescences called ears that yield kernels or seeds, which are fruits.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Corn Meal"]Corn meal is a meal ground from dried corn. It is ground to fine, medium, and coarse consistencies.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Cranberry"]Very small, red colored fruit.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Crab"]A crustacean with edible flesh.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Calcium Chloride"]Used as an additive in pet foods as a firming agent. Can also be used as a synthetic source of calcium.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Calcium Pantothenate"]Also called D-Calcium Pantothenate. The calcium salt of the water-soluble vitamin B5, ubiquitously found in plants and animal tissues with antioxidant property. A synthetic supplement added to aid in metabolism in pets.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Canola Meal"]Canola meal is the ground meal that is left after the oil has been pressed from canola seeds.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Caramel Color"]Caramel is a coloring agent that helps provide consistency and product appeal in pet foods. Can help achieve the target appearance when the base ingredients pull it in another direction, such as grey or white.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Carrot"]Orange colored, tapering root vegetable.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Cashew Nut"]Edible kidney shaped nut.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Catfish Meal"]All catfish tissues from the processing factory remnants that are not edible for humans. Made by cooking them, processing them under high heat, and dehydrating them into a dry powdery substance that goes into kibble.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Celery"]Has a long fibrous stalk tapering into leaves.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Cheese (American)"]A type of processed cheese made from cheddar, colby, or similar cheeses. It is mild with a creamy and salty flavor, has a medium-firm consistency, and has a low melting point. It can be yellow or white in color.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Cheese (Cottage)"]A cheese curd product with a mild flavor. It is not aged. It is made by draining the cheese, as opposed to pressing it - retaining some of the whey, keeping the curds loose.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Chia Seeds"]Chia seeds are oval and gray with black and white spots, having a diameter around 1 millimeter. Chia seeds are added to pet foods as a source of fiber and omega-3.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Chicken Fat"]The fat of a chicken.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Chicken Heart"]The heart of a chicken.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Chicken Liver"]The liver of a chicken.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Chickpeas (Garbanzo Beans)"]Cultivated legume. High in protein.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Chicory Root"]A large, tuberous root commonly baked, ground, and used as an additive source of soluble fiber.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Chicory Root Extract"]The concentrated form of chicory root used as a soluble fiber additive in pet foods.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Choline Chloride"]Choline chloride is a source of the essential B vitamincholine that naturally occurs in animal and plant sources, especially in eggs, liver, fish, meats, soybeans, and wheat germ.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Chlorella"]Chlorella is a type of algae that grows in fresh water. The whole plant is used to make nutritional supplements and medicine for humans and pets. Chlorella is rich in the powerful detoxifier chlorophyll and contains a healthy dose of vitamins, minerals and amino acids, and high levels of protein.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Coconut Oil"]Extracted from mature coconuts and takes the form of an edible oil.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Cod Liver Oil"]Oil pressed from the fresh liver of cod. Used as an Omega fatty acid supplement.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Copper Sulfate"]An inorganic compound that combines sulfur with copper. Copper in copper sulfate binds to proteins in fungi and algae. Controversial ingredient in pet foods because it can be an irritant. Synthetic form is added to ensure pets have enough copper, but copper is naturally occurring in other ingredients.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Cow's Milk"]Milk from a cow.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls"][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row el_class="itm_tested_heding_cls"][vc_column el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls"][vc_column_text css=".vc_custom_1554833223114{padding-top: 50px !important;padding-bottom: 28px !important;}"]


[/vc_column_text][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls" width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Dandelion Greens"]Dandelion greens are the leaves of the dandelion plant, which is easily recognizable by its yellow flower and its status as a weed in yards around the world. Contains vitamins A, C, K, D, B complex, iron, manganese, and phosphorus.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Duck"]The meat of a waterbird with a broad blunt bill, short legs, webbed feet, and a waddling gait.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Duck Liver"]The liver of a duck.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Dicalcium Phosphate"]Also known as dibasic calcium phosphate or calcium monohydrogen phosphate. Produced by the neutralization of calcium hydroxide with phosphoric acid, which precipitates the dihydrate as a solid. Typically used as a synthetic calcium supplement or used to improve the texture of pet food. It cannot absorb water and is basically insoluble. Known to sometimes cause calcification of soft tissue.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Duck Gizzard"]An organ found in the duck's digestive tract.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Duck Meal"]All duck tissues from the processing factory remnants that are not edible for humans. Made by cooking them, processing them under high heat, and dehydrating them into a dry powdery substance that goes into kibble.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row el_class="itm_tested_heding_cls"][vc_column el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls"][vc_column_text css=".vc_custom_1554833605112{padding-top: 50px !important;padding-bottom: 28px !important;}"]


[/vc_column_text][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls" width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="E 306 Natural tocopherols (Vitamin E)"]A natural antioxidant for polyunsaturated fatty acids in tissue fats. Commercially it can be extracted, by distillation in a vacuum, from cottonseed, maize, rice germ, soya been oil, wheat germ, or green leaves and may, therefore, come from Genetically Modified sources.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="E 308 Gamma-tocopherol (Tocopherol)"]A chemical compound that is a synthetic antioxidant and supplement considered "Vitamin E." The difference between each type of tocopherol is determined by the number and position of methyl groups on the chromanol ring.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Elk"]The meat of an elk.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Egg Yolk"]The yellow internal part of an egg. Contains more nutritional value than the egg white. Rich in vitamins and protein. High in fat and cholesterol.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="E 307 Alpha-tocopherol (Tocopherol)"]A chemical compound that is a synthetic antioxidant and supplement considered "Vitamin E." The difference between each type of tocopherol is determined by the number and position of methyl groups on the chromanol ring.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="E 309 Delta-tocopherol (Tocopherol)"]A chemical compound considered a synthetic form of "Vitamin E." The difference between each type of tocopherol is determined by the number and position of methyl groups on the chromanol ring.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Egg white"]The clear, viscous substance surrounding the egg yolk. Turns white when cooked. Low in fat, calories, and vitamins. High in protein.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row el_class="itm_tested_heding_cls"][vc_column el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls"][vc_column_text css=".vc_custom_1554838401737{padding-top: 50px !important;padding-bottom: 28px !important;}"]


[/vc_column_text][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls" width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Fenugreek Seed"]Small, golden-brown seeds. Can be used as a spice and a thickening agent in pet food.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Figs"]A soft, sweet fruit. Its skin is very thin and has many small seeds inside of it.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Fish Broth"]Fish broth or stock comes from simmering the bone marrow, cartilage and other connective tissue in liquid. Connective tissue contains collagen, which is converted into gelatin that thickens the liquid.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Flaxseed"]The seeds of a flax plant. Also known as linseed. It is added into pet foods as an inexpensive additive. Contains protein and fiber.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Ferrous Sulfate"]Ferrous sulfate is a compound iron supplement. Many other ingredients contain enough iron, but a number of pet food companies add it to their mix.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Fish Meal"]The rendered, dried ground tissue of undecomposed whole fish or fish cuttings, either or both, with or without the extraction of part of the oil. Like with all other animal sources, if a type isn't specified, you never know what type or quality of fish is used. According to US Coast Guard regulations, all fish meal not destined for human consumption must be conserved with Ethoxyquin (unless the manufacturer has a special permit). This preservative is banned from use in foods for human consumption except for the use of very small quantities as a color preservative for spices. So unless the manufacturer either presents a permit or states "human grade" fish or fish meal is used, you can be pretty sure Ethoxyquin is present in the food even if it is not listed.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Folic Acid"]The synthetic form of Vitamin B9. It is the fully oxidized monoglutamate form of the vitamin that is used in fortified foods and as a dietary supplements.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row el_class="itm_tested_heding_cls"][vc_column el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls"][vc_column_text css=".vc_custom_1554838737892{padding-top: 50px !important;padding-bottom: 28px !important;}"]


[/vc_column_text][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls" width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Gelatin"]A translucent, colorless, flavorless food ingredient, derived from collagen taken from animal body parts. It is brittle when dry and gummy when moist. Used as a binder in pet food.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Goats Milk"]Milk from the goat.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Ground Yellow Corn"]Specifically yellow corn ground to a thin consistency.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Ginger"]The organic form of a flowering plant whose rhizome, ginger root or ginger, is widely used.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Glucosamine Hydrochloride"]An amino sugar and a prominent precursor in the biochemical synthesis of glycosylated proteins and lipids. Also known as glucosamine HCL, it’s also found in shellfish shells, but doesn’t contain sulfate. It’s more concentrated than glucosamine sulfate but in studies it’s proven less effective in helping joints[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Green Bean"]The unripe, young fruit and protective pods of various cultivars of the common bean. Also called French beans, snap beans, snaps, and string beans.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Guar Gum"]Guar gum, also called guaran, is a galactomannan polysaccharide extracted from guar beans that has thickening and stabilizing properties used in pet food. The guar seeds are mechanically dehusked, hydrated, milled and screened according to application.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row el_class="itm_tested_heding_cls"][vc_column el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls"][vc_column_text css=".vc_custom_1555007447902{padding-top: 50px !important;padding-bottom: 28px !important;}"]


[/vc_column_text][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls" width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Halibut"]The meat of the Halibut which is Northern marine fish.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Hemp Seed Oil"]Oil extracted from the seeds of the hemp plant.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Herring Meal"]Herring Meal is the ground and dried protein product that remains after oil and moisture have been extracted in the normal rendering process.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="High Fructose Corn Syrup"]A type of artificial sugar made from corn syrup.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Hemp"]A strain of the Cannabis sativa plant. Hemp is classified to contain 0.3% or less of THC.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Herring"]The meat of a Herring. A small, silvery fish.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Herring Oil"]Herring oil is an animal oil and is obtained from the fatty tissue of fish of the herring type by boiling and subsequent expression. It has a characteristic odor and taste.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Honey"]The sweet, viscous food substance produced by bees and some related insects. Bees produce honey from the sugary secretions of plants or from secretions of other insects, by regurgitation, enzymatic activity, and water evaporation.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row el_class="itm_tested_heding_cls"][vc_column el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls"][vc_column_text css=".vc_custom_1555008712354{padding-top: 50px !important;padding-bottom: 28px !important;}"]


[/vc_column_text][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls" width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Inositol"]A carbocyclic sugar that is abundant in brain and other mammalian tissues, mediates cell signal transduction in response to a variety of hormones, neurotransmitters and growth factors and participates in osmoregulation.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Inulin"]Manufactured commercially and used as a synthetic supplement in pet foods for digestion.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row el_class="itm_tested_heding_cls"][vc_column el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls"][vc_column_text css=".vc_custom_1555008861789{padding-top: 50px !important;padding-bottom: 28px !important;}"]


[/vc_column_text][vc_toggle title="Kangaroo"]The meat of the largest living marsupials from the family Macropodidae.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Kelp"]Kelp is large brown/green algae seaweeds that make up the order Laminariales. Grows in "underwater forests" in shallow oceans.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row el_class="itm_tested_heding_cls"][vc_column el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls"][vc_column_text css=".vc_custom_1555009342141{padding-top: 50px !important;padding-bottom: 28px !important;}"]


[/vc_column_text][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls" width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Lactobacillus Acidophilus"]A homofermentative, microaerophilic species, fermenting sugars into lactic acid, and grows readily at rather low pH values. Occurs naturally in the human and animal gastrointestinal tract and mouth.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Lamb Meal"]Lamb remnants that are not edible for humans. It is made by cooking them, processing them under high heat, and dehydrating them into a dry powdery substance that goes into kibble.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Lentils"]An edible legume. They come in a variety of colors, including green, brown, red, and black, and they resemble very tiny beans in shape. It is a source of protein, fiber, and iron.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Lamb"]Flesh of a young sheep.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Lecithin"]Yellow-brownish fatty substances occurring in animal and plant tissues which are amphiphilic – they attract both water and fatty substances. They are used for smoothing pet food textures, emulsifying, and homogenizing liquid mixtures.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Lobster"]The meat of a lobster marine crustaceans. Lobsters have long bodies with muscular tails, and live in crevices or burrows on the sea floor.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row el_class="itm_tested_heding_cls"][vc_column el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls"][vc_column_text css=".vc_custom_1555009862562{padding-top: 50px !important;padding-bottom: 28px !important;}"]


[/vc_column_text][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls" width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Mackerel"]The meat of a Mackerel fish. Greenish-blue in color.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Manganese Sulfate"]A synthetic compound that is a source of manganese. Can help metabolism and the nervous system. It is a pale pink solid.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Millet"]A group of highly variable small-seeded grasses. Easier to digest than wheat for dogs.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Manganese Proteinate"]A synthetic chelated source of manganese used as an antioxidant. It can slow down the process of aging, activates many enzymes and helps utilize fatty acids.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Menhaden Fish Meal"]The meal of the small oily fish that are caught along the Atlantic coastline of the United States. It is made by cooking remnants, processing them under high heat, and dehydrating them into a dry powdery substance that goes into kibble.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Mussel"]The soft tissue inside the two hard, external shells of the mollusk named mussels. Used in pet food to deliver nutrients in the form of lipids.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row el_class="itm_tested_heding_cls"][vc_column el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls"][vc_column_text css=".vc_custom_1555011030679{padding-top: 50px !important;padding-bottom: 28px !important;}"]


[/vc_column_text][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls" width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Niacin"]A form of vitamin B3. It is found in foods such as yeast, meat, fish, milk, eggs, green vegetables, and cereal grains. Niacin is also produced in the body from tryptophan, which is found in protein-containing food.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width="1/2"][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_column_text css=".vc_custom_1555011120952{padding-top: 50px !important;padding-bottom: 28px !important;}"]


[/vc_column_text][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls" width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Oat"]A species of cereal grain grown for its seed, which is known by the same name.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Oatmeal"]A type of coarse flour made of hulled oat grains – groats – that have either been milled (ground), steel-cut, or rolled. Rolled oats can be either thick or thin, and may be "old-fashioned", or "quick", or "instant".[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Olive Oil"]A liquid fat obtained from olives, a traditional tree crop of the Mediterranean Basin. The oil is produced by pressing whole olives.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Oyster"]A salt-water bivalve mollusk that lives in marine or brackish habitats.[/vc_toggle][vc_column_text css=".vc_custom_1555011682799{padding-top: 50px !important;padding-bottom: 28px !important;}"]


[/vc_column_text][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Oat Groats"]The hulled kernels of various cereal grains- in this instance, from oats. Groats are whole grains that include the cereal germ and fiber-rich bran portion of the grain, as well as the endosperm.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Ocean Fish Meal"]The rendered (cooked down), dried ground tissue of undecomposed whole ocean fish or ocean fish cuttings, either or both, with or without the extraction of part of the oil.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Oregano Powder"]A warm and aromatic yet slightly bitter herb in the mint family. Ground into powder form.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Omega 3 Fatty Acid"]A polyunsaturated fatty acids characterized by the presence of a double bond three atoms away from the terminal methyl group in their chemical structure. This refers to the synthetically produced omega 3 used as an additive in pet foods. This does NOT refer to the naturally occurring omega 3 found in salmon, anchovies, chia seeds, etc.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls" width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Parsley"]A bright green herb used as a natural source of vitamins in pet foods.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Pea Protein"]A by-product of pea processing. Can be used to inflate the overall proportion of protein within a dog food formula.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Peanut Butter"]A food paste or spread made from ground dry-roasted peanuts. It often contains additional ingredients that modify the taste or texture, such as salt, sweeteners, or emulsifiers.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Peas"]The small spherical seed or the seed-pod of the pod fruit Pisum sativum. Each pod contains several peas, which can be green or yellow.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Pheasant Gizzard"]An organ in the digestive tract of a pheasant.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Pheasant Liver"]The liver of a pheasant.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Plaice"]Plaice is a common name for a group of flatfish that comprises four species: the European, American, Alaskan and scale-eye plaice. White, tender, and subtle-flavored.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Pork"]The meat of a domestic pig.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Pork Heart"]The heart of a pig.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Pork Liver"]The liver of a pig.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Pork Skins"]The skin of the pork. Also called pork rinds.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Potato (White)"]A starchy root vegetable. Added into pet foods for potassium and carbohydrates. For white potatoes, the texture is firmer, with slightly creamy and thin delicate skin. White potatoes are medium, round to long shape; their color ranges from white to tan skin with white flesh.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Potato (Yellow)"]A starchy root vegetable. Added into pet foods for potassium and carbohydrates. Yellow potatoes can be round or slightly oval and flat in shape, with medium starch level; they are often sweeter. Yellow potatoes have a natural buttery flavor.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Potato Starch"]A by-product of potato processing. Most commonly used as a binding agent in dog foods that do not contain traditional binding agents. Potato starch only contains starch which has little nutritional value to dogs beyond its carbohydrate content. Potato Starch has a poor nutritional profile as potato processing removes the skin of the potato which includes many of the beneficial minerals and vitamins.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Powdered Cellulose"]A white, odorless powder that is most often produced as a low value byproduct of agriculture (e.g. corn stover, sugarcane bagasse, straw) or as waste material from saw mills and paper mills. Typically a poor choice of fiber for pets.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Pumpkin"]A large rounded orange-yellow fruit with a thick rind, edible flesh, and many seeds.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Parsley Flakes"]The dried parsley herb.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Pea Fiber"]Very high in dietary fiber, primarily insoluble fiber rather than soluble fiber. Beyond its fiber content, Pea Fiber has little to no nutritional value. While fiber is an important component of a dogs diet, Pea Fiber, in particular, can often be labeled as a filler and in high quantities can, in fact, have an adverse effect on digestion.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Peanut"]A legume crop grown mainly for its edible seeds. Contains high levels of fat and should only be given to pets in moderation.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Pearled Barley"]Whole grain barley that has been processed to remove its fibrous outer hull and polished to remove some or all of the bran layer.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Pheasant"]A large long-tailed game bird native to Asia, the male of which typically has very showy plumage.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Pheasant Heart"]The heart of a pheasant.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Phosphoric Acid"]A clear, colorless liquid that is added to pet foods primarily as an acidifier but is also used effectively as a flavoring, emulsifier and to prevent discoloration.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Pork Fat"]The fat on the meat of a pig.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Pork Kidney"]The kidney of a pig.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Pork Meal"]All pork tissues from the processing factory remnants that are not edible for humans. Made by cooking them, processing them under high heat, and dehydrating them into a dry powdery substance that goes into kibble.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Potassium Chloride"]A metal halide salt composed of potassium and chlorine. It is odorless and has a white or colorless vitreous crystal appearance. The solid dissolves readily in water, and its solutions have a salt-like taste. It is used as a flavor enhancer, flavoring agent, stabilizer or thickener in pet foods.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Potato Flour"]Flour made from potatoes by dehydrated and crushing very fine.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Psyllium Seed Husk"]A form of fiber made from the husks of the Plantago ovata plant's seeds. It sometimes goes by the name ispaghula. It's most commonly known as a laxative.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Pyridoxine Hydrochloride"]Pyridoxine hydrochloride is a source of the B-complex vitamin pyridoxine. Used in medications and pet food as a synthetic supplement.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row el_class="itm_tested_heding_cls"][vc_column el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls"][vc_column_text css=".vc_custom_1558107024589{padding-top: 50px !important;padding-bottom: 28px !important;}"]


[/vc_column_text][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls" width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Quail"]The meat of the quail, a small, short-tailed game bird.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Quinoa Powder"]Dried and ground quinoa.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Quinoa"]An annual seed-producing flowering plant grown as a grain crop. It is a pseudocereal, not a grass, unlike wheat and rice. Quinoa seeds are rich in protein, dietary fiber, B vitamins, and dietary minerals in amounts greater than in many grains. It is gluten-free.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row el_class="itm_tested_heding_cls"][vc_column el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls"][vc_column_text css=".vc_custom_1558107125544{padding-top: 50px !important;padding-bottom: 28px !important;}"]


[/vc_column_text][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls" width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Rabbit"]The meat of the small mammal with fluffy, short tails, whiskers and distinctive long ears.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Rabbit Liver"]The liver of a rabbit.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Raspberry"]An edible soft fruit, consisting of a cluster of reddish-pink drupelets.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Red #40 Dye"]Also known as Allura Red. An artificial food coloring that comes from petroleum distillates or coal tars.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Rice Bran"]Bran, also known as miller's bran, is the hard outer layers of cereal grain. It consists of the combined aleurone and pericarp. Along with germ, it is an integral part of whole grains, and is often produced as a byproduct of milling in the production of refined grains.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Rosemary"]A woody, perennial herb with fragrant, evergreen, needle-like leaves and white, pink, purple, or blue flowers. Frequently used in dog food as a natural anti-oxidant and preservative.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Rosemary Extract"]Concentrated form of the herb, Rosemary. Typically used as a preservative in pet foods.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Rabbit Heart"]The heart of a rabbit.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Rabbit Meal"]Rabbit remnants that are not edible for humans. It is made by cooking them, processing them under high heat, and dehydrating them into a dry powdery substance that goes into kibble.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Riboflavin"]A yellow vitamin of the B complex which is essential for metabolic energy production. This refers to the riboflavin processed and added to pet foods. NOT the naturally occurring riboflavin in egg yolk, poultry meat, fish, beef, etc.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Rice Flour"]Rice flour is a form of flour made from finely milled rice.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Rye"]A grass grown extensively as a grain, a cover crop and a forage crop.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row el_class="itm_tested_heding_cls"][vc_column el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls"][vc_column_text css=".vc_custom_1558107140924{padding-top: 50px !important;padding-bottom: 28px !important;}"]


[/vc_column_text][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls" width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Sage"]A perennial, evergreen subshrub, with woody stems, grayish leaves, and blue to purplish flowers. Used in pet food as a source of vitamins and nutrients.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Salmon Meal"]Salmon remnants that are not edible for humans. It is made by cooking them, processing them under high heat, and dehydrating them into a dry powdery substance that goes into kibble.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Sardine Meal"]Sardine remnants that are not edible for humans. It is made by cooking them, processing them under high heat, and dehydrating them into a dry powdery substance that goes into kibble.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Sea Bass"]Any of a number of marine fishes that are related to or resemble the common perch.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Sodium Chloride"]An ionic compound. Known as salt.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Sole Fish"]A type of lean flatfish.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Soy Grits"]Soy grits are made from lightly toasted soybeans that have been ground into coarse pieces. The toasting brings out a nutty flavor.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Soy Protein Concentrate"]Basically defatted soy flour without the water-soluble carbohydrates. It is made by removing part of the carbohydrates (soluble sugars) from dehulled and defatted soybeans.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Soybean Meal"]The product obtained by grinding the flakes which remain after removal of most of the oil from soybeans by a solvent or mechanical extraction process. A poor quality protein filler used to boost the protein content of low quality pet foods.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Spinach"]A widely cultivated edible Asian plant of the goosefoot family, with large, dark green leaves.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Squash (Butternut)"]A type of winter squash that grows on a vine. It has a sweet, nutty taste similar to that of a pumpkin. It has tan-yellow skin and orange fleshy pulp with a compartment of seeds in the blossom end. Rich in vitamin A, vitamin C, fiber, and potassium.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Sucrose"]A disaccharide, a molecule composed of two monosaccharides: glucose and fructose. Sucrose is produced naturally in plants, from which table sugar is refined.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Sunflower Seed"]The hard-shelled edible seed of a plant of the daisy family.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Salmon"]The meat of the fish Salmon which is an oily fish containing a natural source of Omega 3.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Sardine"]The meat of a young pilchard or other young or small herring-like fish.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Sardine Oil"]The oil extracted from a sardine fish. Contains omega-3 fatty acids and Coenzyme Q10.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Shrimp"]A small free-swimming crustacean with an elongated body.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Sesame Oil"]Oil extracted from the sesame seed. Contains fatty acids that are typically in pet foods already from meats.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Sodium Selenate"]An inorganic compound, NOT to be confused with sodium selenite. Chosen for its selenium content and high solubility, sodium selenate is a common ingredient in over-the-counter vitamin supplements. Selenium is a trace essential element.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Soy Flour"]Whole bean flour milled from raw soy beans.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Soy Lecithin"]Generally used as an emulsifier, or lubricant, when added to pet food, but also has uses as an antioxidant and flavor protector.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Soy Protein Isolate"]Made much the same way as soy protein concentrate, except all non-protein components, including carbohydrates and fiber, are removed from the defatted soy beans.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Soybean Oil"]Oil extracted from the soybean. Typically used in pet food as a low-grade oil option.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Spirulina"]Spirulina is a biomass of cyanobacteria that can be consumed by humans and pets. Spirulina is grown in ponds and other warm bodies of water where it’s collected, dried and made into powders and tablets. It has detoxifying characteristics for humans and pets.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Strawberry"]Known for its characteristic aroma, bright red color, juicy texture, and sweetness.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Sunflower Oil"]The non-volatile oil pressed from the seeds of sunflower.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Sweet Potato"]A large, starchy, sweet-tasting, tuberous roots that is a root vegetable.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row el_class="itm_tested_heding_cls"][vc_column el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls"][vc_column_text css=".vc_custom_1558107154408{padding-top: 50px !important;padding-bottom: 28px !important;}"]


[/vc_column_text][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls" width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Tapioca"]Extracted from the storage roots of the cassava plant. Provides only carbohydrate food value, and is low in protein, vitamins and minerals. It is generally regarded as a low grade filler for dogs or used as a thickening agent. It also has a high glycemic level. It converts very quickly to sugar.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Taurine"]An organic compound that is synthetically made to be added into pet foods as an amino acid supplement. This does not apply to the taurine naturally occurring in meat and dairy.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Tomato Pomace"]An inexpensive by-product of tomato manufacturing. It is a fiber ingredient utilized in dog and cat foods. It is made up of the skins and seeds that are left when food plants produce ketchup, canned tomato juice, salsa, and tomato soups. The tomatoes are washed and cleaned at the plant and then a steam treatment separates the skins.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Trout (Sea)"]Common name and applies to sea-run (anadromous) brown trout.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Tuna"]A saltwater fish that belongs to the tribe Thunnini.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Turkey Broth"]Broth made from turkey bones.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Turkey Gizzard"]An organ found in the digestive tract of a turkey.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Turkey Meal"]All turkey remnants that are not edible for humans. It is made by cooking them, processing them under high heat, and dehydrating them into a dry powdery substance that goes into kibble.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Tapioca Starch"]The starch extracted from tapioca. Added to pet foods as a thickening agent and filler.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Thyme"]An aromatic perennial evergreen herb whose small leaves grow on clusters of thin stems. Thyme is used in pet food to add flavor, improve digestion, and because it acts as an anti-bacterial agent.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Tilapia"]A mainly freshwater fish inhabiting shallow streams, ponds, rivers, and lakes, and less commonly found living in brackish water.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Turkey"]A large mainly domesticated game bird.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Turkey Heart"]The heart of a turkey.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Turkey Liver"]The liver of a turkey.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Turmeric"]A bright yellow aromatic powder obtained from the rhizome of a plant of the ginger family. Its purpose is to enhance the color and/or flavor of pet food[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row el_class="itm_tested_heding_cls"][vc_column el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls"][vc_column_text css=".vc_custom_1558107200390{padding-top: 50px !important;padding-bottom: 28px !important;}"]


[/vc_column_text][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls" width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Vegetable Oil"]The product of vegetable origin obtained by extracting the oil from seeds or fruits which are processed for edible purposes. Although it is used to add fat and flavor to pet food as well as to keep the coat shiny, it is one of the lowest grade oils to be used in pet food.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Venison"]Meat from a deer.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Venison Meal"]All deer remnants that are not edible for humans. It is made by cooking them, processing them under high heat, and dehydrating them into a dry powdery substance that goes into kibble.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row el_class="itm_tested_heding_cls"][vc_column el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls"][vc_column_text css=".vc_custom_1558107239523{padding-top: 50px !important;padding-bottom: 28px !important;}"]


[/vc_column_text][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls" width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Watermelon"]Watermelon grows from a vine-like flowering plant. The sweet, juicy flesh is usually deep red to pink, with many black seeds, although seedless varieties exist. The seeds and rinds should not be consumed by pets or humans.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Wheat Middlings"]Also known as “wheat middlings,” these bran particles come from wheat shorts, wheat germ, and wheat flour as by-products of human food processing.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="White Rice"]Milled rice that has had its husk, bran, and germ removed.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Whole Grain Sorghum"]A gluten free grain with a hearty texture and mild, nutty flavor.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Wheat Flour"]A powder made from the grinding of wheat; Wheat varieties are called "soft" or "weak" if gluten content is low, and are called "hard" or "strong" if they have high gluten content.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Wheat Gluten"]A food made from gluten, the main protein of wheat. It is made by washing wheat flour dough with water until all the starch granules have been removed, leaving the sticky insoluble gluten as an elastic mass, which is then cooked before being eaten. Typically added into pet food to help it maintain its shape.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Whitefish Meal"]Made from the meat, bones, and offal left over from processing fish used for human consumption.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row el_class="itm_tested_heding_cls"][vc_column el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls"][vc_column_text css=".vc_custom_1558385048753{padding-top: 50px !important;padding-bottom: 28px !important;}"]


[/vc_column_text][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls" width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Yam"]Yams are native to Asia and Africa, they are related to lilies and grow as roots of a flowering plant. Yams grow from a regular potato size to gigantic proportions of nearly 5 feet long. The skin of a true yam is tougher and bark like and the flesh is white, red or purplish in color. Typically not seen in the US as fresh form, sold mainly as a canned product.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Yeast Culture"]The dried product composed of yeast and the media on which it is grown, dried in such a manner as to preserve the fermenting activity of the yeast. An unnecessary, feed-grade ingredient in pet foods, added mainly as a flavoring to make inexpensive food more attractive. Lacks the nutritional value of higher quality yeast supplements.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Yellow #6 Dye"]Also called Sunset Yellow FCF or E110. It is a petroleum-derived orange azo dye. Excessive consumption in pet food can lead to health conditions.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Yeast"]The dried eukaryotic single-celled microorganism classified as a member of the fungus kingdom. Added to pet foods as a very inexpensive source of protein.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Yellow #5 Dye"]Also named Tartrazine or E102. It is a synthetic lemon yellow azo dye. Excessive consumption in pet food can lead to health conditions.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Yucca Schidigera Extract"]The extract of a flowering plant of the lily family. Used as an ammonia binder. Some pet food companies add this to pet food to help reduce waste-odor.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row el_class="itm_tested_heding_cls"][vc_column el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls"][vc_column_text css=".vc_custom_1558385112026{padding-top: 50px !important;padding-bottom: 28px !important;}"]


[/vc_column_text][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner el_class="tggle_hdng_txt_slde_cls" width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Zinc Sulfate"]An inorganic compound and dietary supplement. As a supplement it is used to treat zinc deficiency and to prevent the condition in those at high risk. It is produced by treating virtually any zinc-containing material (metal, minerals, oxides) with sulfuric acid.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width="1/2"][vc_toggle title="Zucchini"]A type of green squash that is treated as a vegetable. Can be fed to pets in moderation.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row]