Please note there are minerals included in the list below that are important for your body to stay healthy. They are only harmful with excessive exposure.
Aluminium is a silvery-white metal,. It is the most widespread metal on Earth, making up more than 8% of the Earth’s core mass. It’s also the third most common chemical element on our planet after oxygen and silicon.
Sources: Spinach, potatoes, tea, processed cheese, aluminum cookware, antacids, drinking water, preservatives, antiperspirants
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Abnormal speech, myoclonic jerks, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, anemia, bone pain, deformities, fractures, and slow growth (in children)
This is a shiny grey metal and is hugely flame retardant. About 60% of antimony is consumed in flame retardants, and 20% is used in alloys for batteries, plain bearings, and solders.
Sources: Flame retardants in draperies, wall coverings, and carpets. Cosmetics, tobacco smoke, paints, glass, foods stored in enamel vessels and cans. Cereals, meat, and eggs. Some anti-helminthic drugs.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Respiratory irritation, pneumoconiosis, antimony spots on the skin, gastrointestinal symptoms, and cardiac arrhythmias
Arsenic is a natural component of the earth’s crust and is widely distributed throughout the environment in the air, water and land.
Sources: Rice, drinking water, contaminated wines, tobacco smoke, fish, shellfish, meat, poultry, dairy products, cereals, and pesticides
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Pigmentation changes, skin lesions and hard patches on the palms and soles of the feet (Blackfoot Disease), bladder cancer, lung cancer, loose stools, garlic breath odor, and stomatits
Barium is a soft, silvery alkaline earth metal.
Sources: X-ray contrast media, enema salts, Brazil nuts, seaweed, and fish
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Gastrointestinal issues, muscle weakness, facial numbness, and hypotension
Beryllium is usually occurring as a product of the spallation of larger atomic nuclei that have collided with cosmic rays. Within the cores of stars, beryllium is depleted as it is fused into heavier elements.
Sources: Drinking water. Breathing in vapors or dust. Fruits, vegetables, meats and shellfish.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Nasal irritation, sore throat, weight loss, fatigue, and reduced breathing capacity. Contact dermatitis. Lung cancer.
Bismuth is a pentavalent post-transition metal and one of the pnictogens with chemical properties resembling its lighter homologs arsenic and antimony.It is a brittle metal with a silvery white color when freshly produced, but surface oxidation can give it a pink tinge.
Sources: Pharmaceuticals (including Pepto Bismol), x-ray contrast media, alloys, paints, and ceramic cosmetics (as a pigment)
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea. Possible renal, neurological, and hematological problems. Infertility.
Boron is concentrated on Earth by the water-solubility of its more common naturally occurring compounds, the borate minerals. These are mined industrially as evaporites, such as borax and kernite. The largest known boron deposits are in Turkey, the largest producer of boron minerals.
Sources: Drinking water, nuts, leafy vegetables, non-citrus fruits, legumes, beer, boric acids. Laundry detergents, shampoos, soaps, and medicinals.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Steroid hormone modulation, compromised bone health, prostate cancer. Stunted growth, testicular atrophy, and decreased sexual activity.
Bromine is rather rare in the Earth’s crust, but the high solubility of the bromide ion has caused its accumulation in the oceans. Commercially the element is easily extracted from brine pools, mostly in the United States, Israel and China.
Sources: Drinking water, swimming pools, agricultural chemicals, pharmaceuticals, flame retardants, brominated vegetable oils, and bromated baking flour.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Damage to neurologic, psychiatric, dermatological, and gastrointestinal functions. Chemical burns on skin. Respiratory tract irritation.
Cadmium is a chemical element in the earth’s crust.
Sources: Tobacco smoke, cereals, vegetables, nuts and pulses, starchy roots or potatoes, and meat and meat products. Pigments, coatings and plating, manufacture of plastic products.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Hypertension, kidney failure, neurological issues, lung diseases, and flu-like symptoms
Also spelled Cesium. Caesium is a soft, silvery-golden alkali metal. It is a very ductile, pale metal, which darkens in the presence of trace amounts of oxygen.
Sources: Breathing air, drinking water, breast milk, pastuerized milk, rice, wheat, fish, rocks, soil, dust, and atomic clocks.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Gastrointestinal distress, hypotension, loss of consciousness, numbness or tingling of lips.
Cerium is a soft, silvery, extremely reactive metal. It belongs to the alkali metal group and occurs as a trace element in some rocks and minerals.
Sources: Collard greens, dental compositions, flat screen televisions, low-energy light bulbs, red pigmentation of toys, household items, and crates.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Itching, sensitivity to heat, skin lesions.
Chromium is a steely-grey, lustrous, hard and brittle transition metal. Chromium is the main additive in stainless steel, to which it adds anti-corrosive properties.
Sources: Paint, cement, detergents, bleaches, shampoos, drinking water, red wine, broccoli, grape juice, egg yolks, and processed meats.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Dermatitis, intense gastrointestinal irritation or ulceration and corrosion, epigastric pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, vertigo, fever, and muscle cramps.
Cobalt is found in the Earth’s crust only in chemically combined form, save for small deposits found in alloys of natural meteoric iron. The free element, produced by reductive smelting, is a hard, lustrous, silver-gray metal.
Sources: Fish, nuts, tomatoes, leafy green vegetables, such as broccoli and spinach, and cereals, including oats.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Goiter, hypothyroidism, and heart failure.
Copper is a chemical element that is a soft, malleable, and ductile metal with very high thermal and electrical conductivity.
Sources: Oysters, nuts, seeds, shitake mushrooms, lobster, liver, leafy greens and dark chocolate
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Liver and kidney damage, headaches, dizziness, nausea, and diarrhea.
Dysprosium is a rare earth element with a metallic silver luster. Dysprosium is never found in nature as a free element, though it is found in various minerals, such as xenotime.
Sources: Data storage applications such as compact discs and hard discs, cement, medium source rare-earth lamps (MSRs) in the film industry, laser materials, and white light lamps.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Irritation to skin, eyes, or lungs.
Erbium is a bright, soft, malleable, silvery-white metal. It is one of the rare earth metals. The metal slowly tarnishes in air, reacts slowly with water and dissolves in acids.
Sources: Nuclear reactive, control rods, pink coloring agent in glazes and glasses, ampifiers, and lasers.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Irritation to skin or eyes.
Europium is a chemical element that is the most reactive lanthanide by far, having to be stored under an inert fluid to protect it from atmospheric oxygen or moisture.
Sources: Nuclear control rods, laser material, television screens
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: May be mildly toxic, but its toxicity has not been fully investigated.
Gadolinium is a silvery-white metal when oxidation is removed. It is only slightly malleable and is a ductile rare-earth element. Gadolinium reacts with atmospheric oxygen or moisture slowly to form a black coating.
Sources: MRI contrast dye, drinking water, and sodas.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Nausea, vomiting, itchiness, and dizziness.
Gallium is a soft, silvery blue metal at standard temperature and pressure; however in its liquid state it becomes silvery white. If too much force is applied, the gallium may fracture conchoidally.
Sources: Lasers, Blue-Ray players, LED lights, ski wax, and coal.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Throat irritation, difficulty breathing, chest pain, and its fumes can cause even very serious conditions such as pulmonary oedema and partial paralysis.
Germanium is a lustrous, hard-brittle, grayish-white metalloid in the carbon group, chemically similar to its group neighbours silicon and tin.
Sources: Coal, soya mince, potatoes, aloe, ginsing, garlic, and carrots.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Fatigue, anemia, loss of appetitie, renal failure, kidney dysfunction, and kidney tubular degeneration.
Gold is a chemical element in its purest form that it is a bright, slightly reddish yellow, dense, soft, malleable, and ductile metal.
Sources: Drinking water, eggplant skins, beetroot, black grapes, grape seeds, and plums.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Skin irritation, gut issues, or kidney damage.
Hafnium is a lustrous, silvery-gray transition metal.
Sources: Control rods for nuclear reactors and electronic equipment.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Mild irritation of the eyes, skin, and mucous membranes.
Holmium is a melleable, soft, lustrous metal with a silvery color, belonging to the lantanides series of the periodic chart of elements. It is slowly attacked by oxygen and water and dissolves in acids. It is stable in dry air at room temperature.
Sources: Yellow gas coloring, control rods for nuclear reactors, lasers, magnets, and gamma-ray spectrometers.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Large amounts of holmium salts can cause severe damage if inhaled, consumed orally, or injected. The biological effects of holmium over a long period of time are not known. Holmium has a low level of acute toxicity.
Iron (Ferrous) (Fe)
Iron is a greyish chemical element. It is by mass the most common element on Earth, forming much of Earth’s outer and inner core. It is the fourth most common element in the Earth’s crust.
Sources: Red meat, oysters, lentils, beans, poultry, fish, leaf vegetables, watercress, tofu, chickpeas, black-eyed peas, and blackstrap molasses. Machinery and machine tools, rails, automobiles, ship hulls, concrete reinforcing bars, and the load-carrying framework of buildings. Accounts for over 90% of worldwide metal production.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Hemochromatosis, coma, metabolic acidosis, liver damage, adult respiratory distress syndrome, long term organ damage.
A chemical element that is a heavy metal that is denser than most common materials. Lead is soft and malleable, and also has a relatively low melting point. When freshly cut, lead is silvery with a hint of blue; it tarnishes to a dull gray color when exposed to air.
Sources: Drinking water, soil, dust, paint, cosmetics, jewelyry, toys, candy, wrappers, and specialty candies.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Developmental delays, abdominal pain, neurologic changes, irritability, abdominal pain, constipation, fatigue, headaches, depression, forgetfulness, high blood pressure, heart disease, kidney disease, and reduced fertility.
Lithium is a chemical element that is soft, white, and lustrous.
Sources: Ceramics, glass, batteries, pharmaceuticals, lubricating greases, drinking water, grains, vegetables, mustard, kelp, pistachios, dairy, fish, and meat.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pains, tremors, fatigue, weakness, seizures, kidney failure, low blood pressure, and slurred speech.
Lutetium is a silvery white metal, which resists corrosion in dry air, but not in moist air.
Sources: Catalysts for cracking hydrocarbons in the petrochemical industry, cancer therapy.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Mildly toxic. Rare, so not many cases of toxicity recorded.
Magnsium is a mineral found in the earth, sea, plants, animals and humans. About 60% of the magnesium in your body is found in bone, while the rest is in muscles, soft tissues and fluids, including blood.
Sources: Greens, nuts, seeds, dry beans, whole grains and low-fat dairy products. Seawater and fireworks.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Hypotension, nausea, vomiting, facial flushing, retention of urine, ileus, depression, and lethargy before progressing to muscle weakness, difficulty breathing, extreme hypotension, irregular heartbeat.
Manganese is not found as a free element in nature; it is often found in minerals in combination with iron. Manganese is a transition metal with a multifaceted array of industrial alloy uses, particularly in stainless steels.
Sources: Nuts, beans, legumes, oatmeal, whole wheat bread, spinach, dark chocolate, pineapple, drinking water, and pesticides.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Headache, asthenia, irritability, fatigue, sleep disturbances and emotional instability.
Mercury is a chemical element that is a heavy, silvery d-block element, mercury is the only metallic element that is liquid at standard conditions for temperature and pressure.
Sources: Thermometers, barometers, manometers, sphygmomanometers, float valves, mercury switches, mercury relays, fluorescent lamps. Fish and shellfish.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Anxiety, depression, memory loss, metallic taste in mouth, nauseau, vomiting, difficulty breathing, and lack of motor skills.
Molybdenum does not occur naturally as a free metal on Earth; it is found only in various oxidation states in minerals. The free element, a silvery metal with a gray cast, has the sixth-highest melting point of any element.
Sources: Alloying agent in steel. Milk, cheese, cereal grains, legumes, nuts, leafy vegetables, and organ meats.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Gout-like syndrome. Hallucinations, seizures, major depression.
Neodimium is a lustrous silvery-yellow metal. It is very reactive and qickly turnishes in air and the coated formed does not protect the metal from further oxidation, so it must be stored away from contact with air. It reacts slowly with cold water and rapidly with hot.
Sources: Glass dyes, microphones, magnets, lasers.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Eye irritation, lung embolisms, and liver problems.
Nickel is a silvery-white lustrous metal with a slight golden tinge. Nickel belongs to the transition metals and is hard and ductile.
Sources: Cell phones, medical equipment, jewelry, kitchen equipment, and batteries. Black tea, nuts, seeds, chocolate, canned and processed foods, and oats. Nickel-contaminated air (in industrial zones, cigarette smoke, car exhaust).
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Contact dermatitis, lung issues, nauseau, vomiting, and headache.
Niobium is a light grey, crystalline, and ductile transition metal. Pure niobium has a hardness similar to that of pure titanium, and it has similar ductility to iron.
Sources: Stainless steel, MRI scanners, jet engines, and oil rigs. Garlic, red beetroot, parsnip, and broccoli.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Skin or eye irritation.
Osmium is a hard, brittle, bluish-white transition metal in the platinum group that is found as a trace element in alloys, mostly in platinum ores.
Sources: Instrument pivots, fountain pen tips, phonograph needles. Garlic, dill, sunburst squash (pattypan squash), and green zucchini.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Inhalation can cause burning sensation, tearing, cough, headache, wheezing, shortness of breath, pulmonary edema. Rash, headache, kidney damage.
Palladium is a rare and lustrous silvery-white metal.
Sources: Eggs and vegetables. Cars, jewelry, electronics, and coins.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Burning skin and eyes. Bone marrow, liver and kidney damage.
Phosphorus exists in several allotropic forms including white (or yellow), red, and black (or violet). Ordinary phosphorus is a waxy white solid. When pure, it is colourless and transparent.
Sources: Chicken, turkey, pork, seafood, dairy, sunflower seeds, and pumpkin seeds.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Kidney issues, heart disease, joint pain, or fatigue.
Platinum is a dense, malleable, ductile, highly unreactive, precious, silverish-white transition metal. Its name is derived from the Spanish term platino, meaning “little silver”.
Sources: Jewelry, electronics, cars, dental fillings, chemotherapy, medical implants, and potatoes.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Organ or hearing damage. DNA alterations.
Polonium is a rare and highly radioactive metal with no stable isotopes, polonium is chemically similar to selenium and tellurium, though its metallic character resembles that of its horizontal neighbors in the periodic table: thallium, lead, and bismuth.
Sources: Tobacco smoke, drinking water, and seafood. In products that reduce or remove static.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Lung cancer, liver damage, nauseau, vomiting, hair loss, diarrhea, bone marrow damage.
Praseodymium is a soft, silvery, malleable and ductile metal, valued for its magnetic, electrical, chemical, and optical properties.
Sources: Used as an alloying agent with magnesium to create high-strength metals that are used in aircraft engines. Also used in a material to make flints for lighters. Used to color glass or ceramics and projector lights.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Liver or lung issues. Skin or eye irritation.
Radium is a naturally occurring radioactive metal. Radium is a radionuclide formed by the decay of uranium and thorium in the environment.
Sources: Radiotherapy for cancer and nuclear medicine. Bananas and Brazil nuts.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Anemia, cataracts, fractured teeth, and high levels can cause cancer.
Rhenium is a silvery-gray, heavy, third-row transition metal. It is a rare element in the Earth’s crust.
Sources: Used in the production of lead-free, high-octane gasoline. Jet engines. Dill, yellow zucchini, romaine lettuce, and green zucchini.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Dizziness, skin or lung irritation.
Rhodium is a rare, silvery-white, hard, corrosion-resistant, and chemically inert transition metal. It is a noble metal and a member of the platinum group.
Symptoms: Catalytic converters in cars. Glass, jewelry, and mammography systems. Potatoes.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Cough, eye irritation and redness, and Urticaria.
Rubidium is a very soft, silvery-white metal in the alkali metal group.
Sources: Vacuum tubes, fireworks, and glasses. Garden tomato, sweet orange, black walnut, and coconut.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Skin and eye burns. Failure to gain weight, ataxia, hyper irritation, skin ulcers, and extreme nervousness.
Ruthenium is a rare transition metal belonging to the platinum group of the periodic table. Like the other metals of the platinum group, ruthenium is inert to most other chemicals.
Sources: Solar cells and jewelry. Italian sweet red pepper, broccoli, potato, and dill.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Skin stains and an increased risk of cancer.
Samarium is a moderately hard silvery metal that slowly oxidizes in air.
Sources: Glass, seramics, carbon-arc lighting, magnets, and lasers. Brazil nutn, common hazelnutn, coconutn, and pistachios.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Skin and eye irritation. Weight gain.
Scandium is a silvery-white metallic d-block element, it has historically been classified as a rare-earth element, together with yttrium and the lanthanides.
Sources: Sports equipment, vapor lamps, film industry. Maple syrup and Brazil nuts.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Lung embolisms and liver damage.
Selenium is a nonmetal (more rarely considered a metalloid) with properties that are intermediate between the elements above and below in the periodic table, sulfur and tellurium, and also has similarities to arsenic.
Sources: Brazil nuts, walnuts, tuna, cod, grains, beef, and poultry.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Bad breath, fever, and nausea, as well as liver, kidney and heart problems.
Silver is a soft, white, lustrous transition metal, it exhibits the highest electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, and reflectivity of any metal.
Sources: Jewelry, utensils, coins, electronics, medicine, mirrors, glass, and pesticides. Whole grains, fish, drinking water, mushrooms, supplements and milk from humans, cows and goats.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Decreased blood pressure, diarrhea, stomach irritation, decreased respiration, argyria and argyrosis.
An alkaline earth metal, strontium is a soft silver-white yellowish metallic element that is highly chemically reactive. The metal forms a dark oxide layer when it is exposed to air.
Sources: Fireworks, flares, toothpaste, cancer treatment, pottery glazes, soil, glass, and magnets. Spices, seafood, whole grains, root and leafy vegetables, and legumes.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Increased cancer risk, lowered blood cell counts, and stunted bone growth.
Tantalum is a rare, hard, blue-gray, lustrous transition metal that is highly corrosion-resistant.
Sources: Dental and surgical instruments, implantd, mobile phones, video games, and computers.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Mucous membranes & upper respiratory tract irritation. Skin or eye irritation.
Thallium is a gray post-transition metal that is not found free in nature. When isolated, thallium resembles tin, but discolors when exposed to air.
Sources: Rodent and ant killer, watercress, radish, beet, spinach, turnip and green cabbage.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Nausea, visual effects; rapid heart rate and high blood pressure; abnormal heart rhythms; respiratory failure; unusual, painful, or burning sensations; muscle aches and weakness; headache; seizures, delirium, and coma; loss of appetite; excessive salivation; inflammation of the mouth, lips, and gums; possible green discoloration of urine shortly after exposure; kidney damage; breakdown of red blood cells; severe acne; and dry and crusty scaling of the skin.
Thulium is a lanthanide element, it has a bright silvery-gray luster and can be cut by a knife. It is the least abundant of the rare earths and its metal is easy to work. It slowly tarnishes in air, but is more resistant to oxidation than most rare-earth elements.
Sources: Lasers, X-rays, microwaves, magnets, and root vegetables.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Degeneration of the liver and spleen and can also cause hemoglobin concentration to fluctuate.
Tin is a silvery metal that characteristically has a faint yellow hue. Tin, like indium, is soft enough to be cut without much force.
Sources: Tin cans holding canned foods, paint for ships and boats, fire-retardent on plastic products, water pipes, orange juice, apple juice, cherries, asparagus, herrings, and apricotsand tomato juice.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and bloating.
Titanium is a lustrous transition metal with a silver color, low density, and high strength. Titanium is resistant to corrosion in sea water, aqua regia, and chlorine.
Sources: Surgical applications such as in joint replacements (especially hip joints) and tooth implants.Ppigment in house paint, artists’ paint, plastics, enamels and paper. Sporting equipment. Dairy products, candy, frosting, and the powder on donuts.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Tightness and pain in chest, coughing, and difficulty in breathing. Skin and eye irritation.
Tungsten is a greyish-white lustrous metal, which is a solid at room temperature. Tungsten has the highest melting point and lowest vapor pressure of all metals, and at temperatures over 1650°C has the highest tensile strength. It has excellent corrosion resistance and is attacked only slightly by most mineral acids.
Sources: Heating elements and field emitters, and as filaments in light bulbs and cathode ray tubes. Drinking water, dirt, and onions.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Breathing problems and behavioral changes.
Uranium is a common naturally occurring and radioactive substance. It is a normal part of rocks, soil, air, and water, and it occurs in nature in the form of minerals – but never as a metal. Uranium metal is silver-colored with a gray surface and is nearly as strong as steel.
Sources: Nuclear weapons, ammunition, armour, potatoes, sweet potatoes, parsnips, turnips, and drinking water.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Kidney damage, neurobehavioral changes, decreased fertility, and skin irritation.
Vanadium is a hard, silvery-grey, malleable transition metal. The elemental metal is rarely found in nature, but once isolated artificially, the formation of an oxide layer somewhat stabilizes the free metal against further oxidation.
Sources: Buckwheat, soya beans, olive oil, sunflower oil, apples, and eggs. Jet engines, nuclear reactors, gears, tinted glass, and soil.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Bronchitis, pneumonia, irritation of lungs, throat, eyes and nasal cavities, dizziness, cardiac and vascular disease, trembling, nervous system damage, skin rashes.
Zinc is a slightly brittle metal at room temperature and has a blue-silvery appearance when oxidation is removed.
Sources: Dark chocolate, oysters, legumes, cashews, beef, mushrooms, and lobsters.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Nausea, vomiting, pain, cramps and diarrhea.
Zirconium is taken from the name of the mineral zircon, the most important source of zirconium. It is a lustrous, grey-white, strong transition metal that closely resembles hafnium and, to a lesser extent, titanium.
Sources: Plum, parsley, carrot, endive, glazes, bricks, ceramics, and lamps.
Associated Symptoms & Diseases: Poor digestion, fatigue, acne, adrenal insufficiency, hypertension, parasympathetic dominance, cardiac irregularties, and acute stress.